The participation of the Indian private sector in indigenous Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) programme is substantial. The private sector provides plant components, equipment, services in areas including construction, fabrication & erection of equipments, piping, electrical, instrumentation, and consultancy, auxiliary and logistical services.
In respect of Light Water Reactors (LWR) set up with foreign cooperation, the Indian private sector is involved in supply of some of the equipment and in execution of works contracts. The indigenous content in LWRs is planned to be increased progressively.
Further, at present companies in private sectors in India are participating in a major way in setting up of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor. They are involved in the manufacturing of major equipment & component. They also participate in the supply, erection, testing & commissioning of different systems.
India’s two fully operational nuclear power plant units at the Kudankulum have 20% local content. The overall indigenization of the power plant is expected to cross 50% with the commissioning of the fifth and the sixth units.
Presently, two central Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) and Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI) are involved in implementation of nuclear power generation projects.
During the last three years and the current year, the Government has accorded administrative approval and financial sanction of the following proposals:
- Kudankulam Units 5 & 6 (2X1000 MW) in cooperation with Russian Federation.
- Ten indigenous Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) each of 700 MW (10 x 700 MW) to be set up in fleet mode.