Cyber Attacks on critical infrastructure throughout Asia
After a string of attacks aimed at financial institutions, diplomatic cables and the whereabouts and doings of defectors, last year North Korean malware was found on the computers at the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in India. The malware was not identified immediately, and an Indian cybersecurity expert stated that “extremely mission-critical targets” at the plant were affected, and that the intrusions, which could have compromised the reactors themselves, “weren’t destructive because the actor decided against it. We were at its mercy.”
Such an attack could have disastrous consequences that result in radiological release, and in the context of floating nuclear power plants (FNPPs), radiological release into a marine environment of global importance; radiation levels in the sea off Fukushima after the 2011 disaster were millions of times higher than the government’s limit.
The question regarding North Korean cyberattacks against FNPPs isn’t whether there is capability or intent, but rather what measures can be proactively taken to deter and defend against such an attack.