Nuclear energy is considered a critical source of energy that will satisfy Uganda’s energy demand for the future and play an integral role in Uganda’s Vision 2040.
Uganda Vision 2040 provides development paths and strategies to operationalize Uganda’s Vision statement which is “A Transformed Ugandan Society from a Peasant to a Modern and Prosperous Country within 30 years” as approved by Cabinet in 2007. It aims at transforming Uganda from a predominantly peasant and low income country to a competitive upper middle income country.
Pre-feasibility studies for launching the first nuclear power plant in Uganda have been completed. The studies confirmed that the generation potential from hydro, if fully developed, cannot meet the country’s future energy needs. Therefore, nuclear among other sources needs to be integrated into the future energy generation mix. It is estimated that Uganda will require a generation capacity of 41,738 MW by 2040, thus increasing its electricity per capita consumption to 3,668 kWh.
The required capacity will be generated from different energy sources namely: hydro power (4500MW); geo-thermal (1500MW); nuclear (24000MW); solar (5000MW); biomass (1700MW); peat (800MW) and thermal (4300MW).
To reduce the energy deficit, emphasis will be put on the development of nuclear power preferably from the available uranium deposits in the country. The Government will invest massively in the development of human resource in this specialized area and other necessary infrastructure to support the early development and use of nuclear power to generate electricity